Climate change is already producing and will continue to produce a wide range of direct and indirect impacts on marine ecosystems and the goods and services (ES) they provide. These changes will have significant implications for national economies, fishers, and the well-being of coastal communities that rely on these ES, for many generations to come. The variety of mechanisms involved, the complex social-ecological interactions, the possibility of abrupt and surprising changes, and the diversity of ES provided by marine ecosystems make the future effects of climate change difficult to predict.
Rising energy costs, stagnation in income because of relatively low fish prices, and changes in fisheries management (e.g. discard ban) are among the economic threats that many fisheries face, threats that might affect the attitudes and behaviour of fishers. Understanding how stakeholders (e.g. the fishing industry) adapt to climate change is critical for the effective management of sustainable fisheries in the European Union.
Given the increasing relevance of marine ES and the adaptive response of management adapting and responding to climate change impacts, this theme session will discuss papers related to the impacts of climatic change on ES, either provisioning (e.g. fisheries), regulatory (e.g. climate), supporting (e.g. nutrient cycles), or cultural (e.g. recreation). Examples of the topics relevant to the session include:
Photo: Nicolai Perjesi – Wonderful Copenhagen