Driven by marine organismal movements, marine functional connectivity is a dynamic ecosystem property which sustains multiple ecological functions and marine ecosystem services through the spatio-temporal fluxes of nutrients, biomass, genes, and species. In the last decade, research has focused on understanding the drivers of marine connectivity and its role at the ecosystem level, but a critical lack of knowledge on how marine connectivity will respond to current and future human impacts persists. Filling this research gap is paramount to design effective strategies for conservation, management and sustainable development. This has been acknowledged by the recent nomination of the COST Action SEA-UNICORN as an action of the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development 2021-2030, due to the essential role of marine connectivity for the future health of our oceans and coasts and the need to preserve this ecosystem property to the benefit of humanity.
Photo: Galice Hoarau - www.galice.no