The remote location of the Greenland Sea ecoregion and its low population density allows for few human activities and associated pressures. Human activity occurs mostly in the southern subregion, linked to coastal and offshore fishing, and hunting in the coastal area.
The most important pressures in the ecoregion are the selective extraction of species, abrasion, and introduction of contaminant compounds. Other pressures have very limited impact in this ecoregion, although data gaps exist because of limited research effort.
Similarly, even for the most important pressures in the ecoregion, there is limited evidence of direct impacts of human activity on ecosystem state components such as productivity and plankton, though such impacts are known to occur elsewhere. The main pressures described in this Overview are defined in the ICES Technical Guidelines.