Complex ecological changes are expected to take place in the coming decades:
This makes Arctic research a priority area for ICES from the perspective of better understanding ecological processes and human impacts in this ecosystem.
A number of ICES groups focus on subarctic fish stocks in the Barents Sea, around Iceland and East Greenland, and some widely distributed and straddling stocks.
ICES also conducts and develops Integrated Ecosystem Assessments for the Barents Sea as part of the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management.
The annual ICES Report on Ocean Climate (IROC)and the biennually published ICES Zooplankton Report cover subarctic waters.
Several other subjects are adressed by our community - ranging from hydrography and warming of the Arctic Ocean to evaluating the environmental risks of shipping, oil and gas exploitation, and the spread of non-native species.
ICES works with several international groups active in Arctic science:
Collaboration takes place on many topics, including: