The growing amount of wind farms increases the possibility of seabirds colliding with the turning blades of the turbines.
Marine debris, also known as marine litter, is man-made waste that has deliberately or accidentally been released in the sea, ocean, or waterway. Major contributing activities are tourism, fishing, and shipping.
Sound from the human world disrupts life below the surface, where many living creatures depend on sound as a primary sense for mating, hunting, and survival. The main anthropogenic activities that produce sound are shipping, oil exploration, and pile-driving of wind farm foundations.
Other main pressures on the Greater North Sea ecosystem