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Historical publications

List of some contributions to the history of ICES.

​​​​​​​​This list of publications about ICES history has been compiled by Jens Smed (former ICES Hydrographer). It is not complete, but it forms a solid core for the building of a more comprehensive list, containing references to internationally published literature, as well as literature published in member countries.

Please help us to complete the list. You are welcome to contact us to inform us about titles, which you think should be included.

 

Record of publications:

Compiled by Jens Smed

Ackefors, H., A. Lindquist, and A. Svansson. 1999. 100 years of ICES Personalities from Sweden. - Stockholm

Anderson, E. (ed.). 2002. 100 Years of Science under ICES: A Symposium held in Helsinki, 1-4 August 2000. ICES Marine Science Symposia, No. 215

Anon. 1899a. Conférence Internationale pour l'Exploration de la Mer, réunie à Stockholm 1899. - Stockholm

Anon. 1899b. Fiskerikonferensen i Stockholm. - Norsk Fiskeritidende, 1899, pp. 297-321

Anon. 1899c. Stockholmsmötet 1899 jun 15 - 23. - From Stockholms Dagblad's morning- and evening-issues. Collected by Artur Svansson.

Anon. 1899d. Stockholmsmötet 1899 jun 15 - 23. - From Svenska Dagbladet. Collected by Artur Svansson.

Anon. 1900. The International Conference for Marine Research,Stockholm, 1899. - Scottish Geogr. Mag., 16, 299-307

Anon. 1901a. 2. Conférence Internationale pour l'Exploration de la Mer réunie à Kristiania 1901. Première partie. - Kristiania, 1901

Anon. 1901b. Do.do. Seconde partie. - Bergen, 1901.

Anon. 1903. Reports of the British Delegates attending the International Conferences held at Stockholm, Kristiania and Copenhagen with respect to fishery and hydrographical investigations in the North Sea and correspondence relating thereto. - London: HMSO, Gd. 1313

Anon. 1904. Über Internationale Untersuchungen der nordeuropäischen Meere im Interesse der Seefischerei. - Mitteilungen des Deutschen Seefischerei-Vereins, 1904, pp. 112-122. (Opinion given in 1899 by Deutscher Seefischerei-Verein to the Reichsamt des Innern)

Anon. 1905. General Report on the work of the period July 1902-July 1904. - Rapp. P.-v. Réun. Cons. perm. int. Explor. Mer, 3

Anon. 1928. Rapport Jubilaire (1902-1927). - Rapp. P.-v. Réun. Cons. perm. int. Explor. Mer, 47

Anon. 1952. Rapport Jubilaire (1927-1952). - Rapp. P.-v. Réun. Cons. perm. int. Explor. Mer, 132

Anon. 1974. ICES in the Marine Pollution Field. - Marine Pollution Bulletin, 5 (11), 161-163

Anon. 1976. Internationale samenwerking bij oceaan-onderzoek. - Visserij, 1976, No. 2, pp. 99-103

Anon. 2000. Symposium: 100 Years of Science under ICES. Programme and Abstracts. - Helsinki

Culkin, F. and J. Smed. 1979. The history of standard seawater. - Oceanologica Acta, 2(3), 355-364

Drechsel, C.F. 1912. Foredrag under den 1. Nordiske Fiskehandler- og Havfiskerikongres i København 16. - 17. Juli 1912

Drechsel, C.F. (ed.). 1913. Mémoire sur les travaux du Conseil Permanent International pour l'Exploration de la Mer pendant les années 1902-1912. (Text in English and German!) - In: Rapp. P.-v. Réun. Cons. perm. int. Explor. Mer, XVI

Drechsel, C.F. 1915. Die internationale Meeresforschung. Ihre Organisation und Tätigkeit. - Weltwirtschafts-Archiv, 6, 367-382

Drechsel, C.F., M. Knudsen, C.H. Ostenfeld and C.G.J.Petersen. 1907. De internationale Havundersøgelser 1902-1907. - Skrifter udgivne af Kommissionen for Havundersøgelser, 4

Ekman, G., O. Pettersson and F. Trybom. 1907. Resultaten af den Internationella Hafsforskningens arbete under åren 1902-1906 och Sveriges andel däruti. - Kungliga Jordbruksdepartementet, XIV. Stockholm

Ekman, G., O. Pettersson and F. Trybom. 1910. Resultaten af den Internationella Hafsforskningens arbete under åren 1907-1909 och Sveriges andel däruti. - Kungliga Jordbruksdepartementet, XXII. Stockholm

Fridriksson, A. 1962a. International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. - Reprint from Fishing News International, October 1962 issue. 3pp.

Fridriksson, A. 1962b. Jubileum for havforskning. - Reprint from Kristeligt Dagblad, 21st July 1962. Copenhagen

Griffith, D. 2003. On the Evolution of ICES. In: Griffith, D. (ed.): Stockholm 1999 Centenary Lectures. - ICES Cooperative Research Report No.

Heincke, F. 1917. Die internationale Meeresforschung vor und nach dem Kriege. - Internat. Monatsschrift für Wissenschaft, Kunst und Technik, 11(5), pp. 565-592

Henking, H. 1904. Die Organisation und die Aufgaben der Internationalen Meeresforschung. - Mitteilungen des Deutschen Seefischerei-Vereins, 1904, pp. 105-112

Herwig, W. 1905-1908. Die Beteiligung Deutschlands an der internationalen Meeresforschung. I. - V. Bericht. - Berlin

Herwig, W. et al. 1908. Ergebnisse und Ziele der internationalen Meeresforschung. - Mitt. dt. Seefisch. Ver., XXIV(4), 222-226

Hjort, J. 1945. International Exploration of the Sea. - Rapp.P.-v. Réun. Cons. perm. int. Explor. Mer, 115. 19pp

Hjort, J. and C.G.Joh. Petersen. 1905. Kort Oversigt over de internationale Fiskeriundersøgelsers Resultater med særligt Henblik paa norske og danske Forhold. - Skrifter udgivne af Kommissionen for Havundersøgelser, No. 3. (Translation in Danish of Appendix G of Anon. 1905 above)

Hoek, P.P.C. 1913. The fishery and statistical work of the International Investigation of the Sea. - Rapp. P.-v. Réun. Cons. perm. int. Explor. Mer, 16 (I), 12

Hopkins, C.C.E. 1995. Dansk centrum for international havforskning. - Jyllandsposten, 21st September 1995, Århus

Jacobsen, J.P. 1916. De internationale Havundersøgelser og Danmarks Deltagelse i disse. - Reprint from Ingeniøren, 1916. 20 pp.

Jacobsen, J.P. 1941. De internationale Havundersøgelser og de nordiske Landes Deltagelse i disse. -Farmaceuten,4 (6), 112-115.

Jacobsson, J. 2003. ICES and the Overfishing Problem. In: Griffith, D. (ed.): Stockholm 1999 Centenary Lectures. - ICES Cooperative Research Report No.

Knudsen, M. 1913. Proposal regarding an international hydrographic laboratory. - Rapp. P.-v. Réun. Cons. perm. int. Explor. Mer, 15, 122-126

Knudsen, M. 1947. De internationale Havundersøgelser. - Pp. 108-112 in: Øjvind Winge and Å Vedel Tåning (eds.): "Naturforskeren Johannes Schmidt, hans Liv og Ekspeditioner". - Gyldendalske Boghandel, København

Krümmel, O. 1904. Die deutschen Meere im Rahmen der internationalen Meeresforschung. - Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Meereskunde (Berlin), Heft 6

Lebedinzev, A. 1906. Questions about the International Exploration of the Sea in the English House of Lords. (In Russian). Imperial Russian Society for Fishbreeding and Fishery. 10 pp.

Lee, A.J. 1984. The ICES Hydrography Committee: A review of its activities since 1945. - Rapp. P.-v. Réun. Cons. int. Explor. Mer, 185, 7-29

Lee, A.J. 1993. New Light on the Founding of ICES. - ICES Information, No. 21, p. 8

Lenz, W. 1990. Fisheries Protection Conventions in the North Sea: From Scientific Disputes to the Foundation of ICES in 1902. - Unpublished MS

Lenz, W. 1992. The six years of Germany's rejoining ICES post World War I. - Unpublished MS

Lucas, C.E. 1963. International Collaboration in Fisheries Research. - Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain, 39 (179), 403-421

Lucas, C.E. 1980. On the Environment and Unity in Marine Research. Pp. 496-508 in: M. Sears and D. Merriman (eds.): "Oceanography: The Past." Springer-Verlag, New York

Mälkki, P. 1990. The early membership of Finland in ICES. - Deutsche Hydrographische Zeitschrift, Ergänzungsheft Reihe B, 22, 319-322

Maurice, H.G. 1924. Exploration of the Sea. Practical Investigations of the International Council. - The Times Trade and Engineering Supplement, June 28, 1924, p.6.

McIntyre, A.D. 2003. ICES and Environmental Issues. In: Griffith, D. (ed.): Stockholm 1999 Centenary Lectures. - ICES Cooperative Research Report No.

Moncrieff, C.S. and D.W. Thompson. 1903. Reports of the British delegates attending the international conferences, held at Stockholm, Christiania, and Copenhagen, with respect to fishery and hydrographical investigations in the North Sea, and correspondence related thereto. - North Sea Fishery Investigations. Parliamentary Papers 1902. XV (Cd. 1313). London: HMSO

Ostenfeld, C.H. 1903. De internationale Havundersøgelser. - Reprint from Geografisk Tidsskrift, 1903. 8 pp.

Pawlak, J.F. 1988. A Review of the Origins, Responsibilities, Composition and Main Activities of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). - Oceans '88 Proceedings, 3, 719-725. Washington, D.C.

Pearce, J.B. 1988. The ICES Marine Environmental Quality Committee (MEQC): its history and activities. - Pp. 732-735 in: Oceans '88: Partnership of Marine Interests

Petitgas, P. (ed.). 2002. ICES Science 1979-1999: The View from a Younger Generation. - ICES Cooperative Research Report No. 253. I + 39 pp.

Pettersson, O. 1899. Fra den internasjonale fiskerikonferense i Stockholm. - Naturen, 23, 303-319

Pettersson, O. 1900a. Über systematische hydrographisch-biologische Erforschung der Meere, Binnenmeere und tieferen Seen Europas. - Verhandlungen des VII. Internationalen Geographen- Kongressen in Berlin (1899), pp. 335-342

Pettersson, O. 1900b. The Swedish Hydrographic Commission's report to the Government regarding the organization and costs of Sweden's part of the international co-operative investigation of the Northern seas. - Scottish Geogr. Mag., XVI, 307-312.

Pettersson, O. 1904. Den internationella utforskningen af de nordiska hafven. - Ymer, 1904, H.1, pp. 94-112

Pettersson, O. and A.R. Åkerman. 1900. The international conference for marine research, Stockholm, 1899. - Scottish Geogr. Mag., XVI, 299-306.

Ritchie, S. 2000. As it was. - Hydro International, 4 (5), 10-11

Rozwadowski, H.M. 1999. Marine science in the age of internationalism. - Historisch-Meereskundliches Jahrbuch, 6, 83-104

Rozwadowski, H.M. 2002a. Scientific research, management advice: Evolution of ICES's dual identity. - History of Oceanography, No. 14, pp. 3-12

Rozwadowski, H.M. 2002b. The sea knows no boundaries: a century of marine science under ICES. - Seattle and London

Schlee, S. 1973. Fisheries´ Problems and the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. - Pp. 206-243 in: Susan Schlee: "The Edge of an Unfamiliar World". New York, 1973

Sinclair, M. 1997. Prologue. Recruitment in fish populations: the paradigm shift generated by ICES Committee A. - Pp. 1-27 in: "Early Life History and Recruitment in Fish Populations", ed. by R. Christopher Chambers and Edward A. Trippel. Chapman and Hall

Smed, J. 1968. The Service Hydrographique of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. - Journ. du Conseil, 32(2), 155-171

Smed, J. 1983a. History of international North Sea research (ICES). In: "North Sea Dynamics", ed. by J. Sündermann and W. Lenz. Springer-Verlag; Berlin, Heidelberg, New York

Smed, J. 1983b. The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. Its Organization and its Activities within Physical and Chemical Oceanography. - Unpublished MS. Lecture delivered at 18. MILOC

Smed, J. 1988. Deutschland und die Gründung des ICES. - Deutsche Gesellschaft für Meeresforschung, Mitteilungen 1988, No. 3, pp. 3-5

Smed, J. 1989. Otto Krümmel über Fridtjof Nansens Kandidatur für den 1. Generalsekretär von ICES. - Deutsche Gesellschaft für Meeresforschung, Mitteilungen 1989, No. 1, pp. 6-8

Smed, J. 1990a. Hydrographic investigations in the North Sea, the Kattegat and the Baltic before ICES. - Deutsche Hydrographische Zeitschrift, Ergänzungsheft Reihe B, 22, 357-366

Smed, J. 1990b. Walther Herwig: The first president of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). - Deutsche Hydrographische Zeitschrift, Ergänzungsheft Reihe B, 22, 323-329

Smed, J. 1992. Early discussions and tests of the validity of Knudsen's Hydrographical Tables. - Historisch-Meereskundliches Jahrbuch, 1, 77-86

Smed, J. 1996. On the foundation of ICES: A look behind the scenes at the events in Britain. - Pp. 141 - 154 in: "British marine science and meteorology: The history of their development and application to marine fishing problems". (Buckland Occasional Papers: No. 2)

Smed, J. 1997. The origin of the first ICES flag. - ICES/CIEM Information, Issue no. 30, p. 11

Smed, J. 1998. International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). - Sciences of the Earth. An Encyclopedia of Events, People, and Phenomena, 2, 475-477. New York & London

Smed, J. 1999a. Controversies in Germany in Connection with the Foundation of ICES. - Deutsche Gesellschaft für Meeresforschungen, Mitteilungen 1999, No. 1, pp. 26-29

Smed, J. 1999b. The Stockholm Conference 1899 - outside the meeting rooms. - ICES/CIEM Information, No. 34, p. 5

Smed, J. 2000a. The accession of Belgium to ICES. - ICES/CIEM Information, No. 36, pp. 5-7

Smed, J. 2000b. Abortive plans for a world-wide oceanographic expedition. - Hist. Oceanogr., No. 12, pp. 10-13

Smed, J. 2004a. Early plans for an international synoptic investigation of North Atlantic deep-water. - Accepted for publication in Proceedings of ICHO VI

Smed, J. 2004b. On the Foundation of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea: Stockholm 1899·Christiania 1901·Copenhagen 1902. - Accepted for publication in Proceedings of ICHO VI

Smed, J. 1949. Bulletin Hydrographique 1902-1946. - C.M. 1949, 8 pp. Unpublished MS

Smed, J. 1949. The Service Hydrographique of the International Council 1902-1949. - C.M. 1949, 7 pp. Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . The Central Laboratory of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) and its Successors. - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . Norway and the founding of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . Martin Knudsen's controversies with the General Secretary of ICES, Dr. P.P.C. Hoek. - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . Knudsen's Hydrographical Tables. - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . Martin Knudsen and the Standard Seawater. - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . Martin Knudsen - Designer of instruments. - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . Martin Knudsen's activities at the Hydrographic department of the ICES Office. - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . Gerhard Schott's relations to Otto Pettersson and ICES. - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . The Accession of France to ICES. - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . Russia, USSR and ICES: For years a tricky problem. - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . ICES during the First World War. - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . Revival of ICES after the First World War. - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . ICES initiatives in telegraphic communication with the Faroe Islands and Iceland. - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . Martin Knudsen: A Founding Father of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . ICES and the New Organizations - Competition or Co-operation? - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . Germany´s participation in the foundation of ICES, withdrawal during the First World War, and re-entry after the War. - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . The German Delegates to the Stockholm Conference about their Colleagues. - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . Views of a German Delegate to the Stockholm Conference upon Possible Candidates for the Post as General Secretary of ICES. - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . Some details from the Christiania Conference not reported in the Proceedings. - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . The Constituent Assembly of ICES in Copenhagen 1902. - Events outside the meeting rooms. - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . Finland´s Participation in ICES. The First 20 Years. - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . Three Russian Oceanographers and their Relations to Colleagues at Early ICES. - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . USA's and Canada's Long Way to ICES. - Unpublished MS

Smed, J. - . The Seats of ICES. - Unpublished MS

Smith, T.D. 1994. The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, 1900-1920. - Pp. 110 - 162 in: Tim D. Smith: "Scaling Fisheries. The Science of Measuring the Effects of Fishing, 1855 - 1955." Cambridge University Press, 1994

Solemdal, P. 1997. Epilogue. The Three Cavaliers: a discussion from the golden age of Norwegian marine research. - Pp. 551-565 in: "Early Life History and Recruitment in Fish Populations", ed. by R. Christopher Chambers and Edward A. Trippel. Chapman and Hall

Stewart, J.E. 1991. A brief review of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) on the occasion of the formation of the North Pacific Marine Science Organization. - Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 48 (12), 2543-2550

Svansson, A. 2003. Otto Pettersson and the Birth of ICES. In: Griffith, D. (ed.): Stockholm 1999 Centenary Lectures. - ICES Cooperative Research Report No.

Svansson, A. 2004. Otto Pettersson, the Oceanographer. Extracts from a biography in preparation. - Accepted for publication in Proceedings of ICHO VI

Svansson, A. - . Otto Pettersson, the Oceanographer. - Unpublished MS

Svansson, A. - . Skandinavisk oceanografi vid senaste sekelskiftet. - Unpublished MS

Tambs-Lyche, H. 1978. Monitoring fish stocks: the role of ICES in the North-East Atlantic. - Marine Policy, April 1978, 127-132

Tambs-Lyche,H 1980. Le Conseil International pour l'Exploration de la Mér (CIEM) et la formulation d'avis scientifiques.-Annuaire Francais de Droit International, XXVI, 728-740

Thomasson, E.H. (ed.). 1981. Study of the sea. The development of marine research under the auspices of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. - Fishing News Books, Farnham, England

Went, A.E.J. 1972a. Seventy years agrowing. A history of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, 1902-1972. - Rapp. P.-v. Réun. Cons. int. Explor. Mer, 165

Went, A.E.J. 1972b. The history of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. - Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh (B), 73, 351-360

Went, A.E.J. 1974. Ireland´s Contribution to the Work of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. I. 1902 - 1927. - Reprint from Journal of the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries (Ireland), 71. 10 pp.

Wooster, W.S. 2003. ICES and Ocean Exploration. In: Griffith, D. (ed.): Stockholm 1999 Centenary Lectures. - ICES Cooperative Research Report No.

 

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Historical publications

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