Coastal communities and ecosystems face challenges that threaten long-standing economic and cultural traditions. With a projected global human population in excess of nine billion by 2050, coastal communities also have opportunities to address the grand challenges of informing human sustainability and optimizing the use of vital coastal resources. The growth needed in coastal aquaculture to meet the global demand for marine proteins (food, feed, ingredients, etc) has the potential to put additional pressure on natural resources. Sustainable approaches to aquaculture that holistically consider both social and ecological components of systems are essential for meeting the challenges of improving the way in which coastal zone resources are utilized.
In developing sustainable approaches to aquaculture, there are points that must be considered: stakeholders' perceptions of and public preferences for aquaculture development and operations and methods to investigate these; the characteristics of the social acceptability of aquaculture in different settings and among various groups; ways to better integrate social and economic dimensions in aquaculture management. New tools that improve understanding of complex ecological processes and the socioeconomic drivers shaping human-environment interactions will help inform ongoing management and policy discussions about sustainable coastal aquaculture development.
We welcome contributions that address the following types of questions: