Ecosystem overviews

Norwegian Sea Ecosystem Overview

State: Non-indigenous, threatened  and declining species and habitats

​​​​​Non-indigenous species

No species are found in the Norwegian Sea are considered invasive, but the comb jelly Mnemiopsis leidyi is occasionally registered in zooplankton samples (most recent record in 2014), usually in warmer peri​​ods.

Threatened and declining species and habitats

Table 1: Threatened and declining species in the Norwegian Sea, according to OSPAR.

SCIENTIFIC NAMECOMMON NAME
INVERTEBRATES  
Nucella lapillus Dog whelk
SEABIRDS  
Larus fuscus fuscus Lesser black-backed gull
Pagophila eburnea Ivory gull
Rissa tridactyla Black-legged kittiwake
Uria lomvia Thick-billed murre (or Brünnich's guillemot)
FISH  
Anguilla anguilla European eel
Cetorhinus maximus Basking shark
Dipturus batis Common skate
Lamna nasus Porbeagle
Petromyzon marinus Sea lamprey
Salmo salar Salmon
Squalus acanthias [Northeast Atlantic] spurdog
MARINE MAMMALS  
Balaenoptera musculus Blue whale
Eubalaena glacialis Northern right whale
Phocoena phocoenaHarbour porpoise

 

Table 2: Threatened and declining habitats in the Norwegian Sea, according to OSPAR.

HABITATS
Coral gardens
Deep-sea sponge aggregations
Intertidal mudflats
Lophelia pertusa reefs
Modiolus modiolus beds
Ostrea edulis beds
Seamounts
Zostera beds

 

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Norwegian Sea Ecosystem Overview

International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) · Conseil International pour l'Exploration de la Mer (CIEM)
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